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The disorder known as dandruff is widespread and manifests as skin flakes on the scalp. It is neither contagious nor life-threatening. However, it is sometimes difficult to treat and can be embarrassing. There is a possibility that the symptoms will come back later. If that doesn’t help, try using a shampoo containing the medication. A daily shampoo that is not harsh can be used to treat only mild dandruff.
- Some signs and symptoms of dandruff include the following:
- Hair, eyebrow, beard, and shoulder flakes indicate skin flaking.
- Irritated scalp
- A cradle cap characterized by a scaly and crusty scalp in neonates.
- There are several potential reasons for dandruff, including the following:
- Sensitive, greasy skin
- Dry skin
- A yeast-like fungus known as Malassezia
- Chemical sensitivity to haircare products
- Psoriasis, eczema, and other inflammatory skin diseases
Dandruff can affect almost anyone; however, some things can make you highly prone to getting it, including the following:
Dandruff is a common condition that typically develops in early adulthood and persists through the middle years. That doesn’t imply older folks don’t have dandruff. The issue may follow certain individuals throughout their entire lives.
It is more common in boys than in females to have dandruff.
It appears that an increased risk of dandruff is associated with Parkinson’s disease as well as other conditions that impact the neurological system. Having HIV or an impaired immune system further increases the risk.
The symptoms of dandruff, including itching and flaking, are often manageable. If you have mild dandruff, you should initially attempt regularly cleaning your hair with a mild shampoo to decrease the buildup of oil and dead skin cells. If it doesn’t help, you should try using a dandruff shampoo that contains the medication.
Some individuals can endure using a medicinal shampoo two or three times weekly, in addition to their regular shampooing routine, on the days that are not covered by the treatment. Shampooing less frequently and using a conditioner that moisturizes the hair and scalp would benefit individuals with dry hair.
You can purchase products for the hair and scalp in the form of solutions, gels, sprays, foams, ointments, and oils. You may not find the proper routine until you test a few different products. In addition, you will likely require treatment over an extended period.
Cease using any product that causes you to experience stinging, itching, or other adverse reactions. Seek immediate medical treatment if you have any symptoms of an allergic response, including a rash, hives, or breathing problems, as these could indicate an allergic reaction.
Shampoos for dandruff are divided into different categories based on the type of treatment they include. You can obtain certain ones in more potent forms with a doctor’s prescription.
Shampoos containing pyrithione zinc. The zinc pyrithione in these helps prevent the growth of germs and fungi. Some shampoos include:
Tar-based shampoos: This shampoo can cause your hair to get discolored, mainly if it is a lighter shade. Additionally, it has the potential to make your scalp more photosensitive.
Selenium sulfide shampoos: These have antifungal ingredients within them. Because of their potential to discolor the scalp and hair, these products should be used as indicated and thoroughly rinsed out afterward.
Ketoconazole shampoos: This shampoo has been formulated to eliminate fungi responsible for dandruff found on the scalp.
Fluocinolone shampoos: These treatments contain a corticosteroid, which helps decrease itching, flaking, and irritation to provide relief.
Try using two different dandruff shampoos in the rotation if you find that one stops working after a while: After dandruff has been controlled, you should consider applying the medicinal shampoo less often for maintenance and preventive purposes.
Always be sure you give the included instructions a thorough read before using a new shampoo: While some products require you to wait a few minutes before rinsing them off, others need you to do so immediately.
Behavioral Changes and Cures at Home
You can take the following measures to lessen the likelihood of acquiring dandruff and keep it under control:
Master the art of stress management: Your overall health is negatively impacted by stress, which increases your risk of developing various diseases and conditions. It can even contribute to the development of dandruff or worsen the symptoms of the condition.
Maintain a balanced and nutritious diet: Dandruff can be avoided by eating a diet rich in zinc, B vitamins, and particular kinds of fat.
Create a routine for caring for your hair and scalp that works best for you: Shampooing your hair might help prevent dandruff, especially if you have a naturally oily scalp. Massage your scalp in a circular motion to break up the flakes.
Perform a thorough washing: If your scalp is delicate and your hair tends to be dry, you should shampoo less often and condition the scalp in intervals between washings.
Enjoy some sun: There is some evidence that exposure to sunlight can help reduce dandruff. However, sunbathing should be avoided because prolonged exposure to UV light can be harmful to the skin and raise the chance of developing skin cancer. Instead, it would be best to spend some time in the fresh air.
Reduce the number of hair products you use: Products designed for hair styling might leave a residue behind, making the hair and scalp oily.
Hair scrubs: In the same way that you exfoliate the skin, you should also exfoliate the hair scalp since it requires the same attention and care as your skin does.
Deep treatment: If you want your hair to be healthy and strong, you should treat it with a quality, lengthy treatment at least once in a while. To get rid of dandruff, you should include treatments like scalp oil. Performing these treatments once every week or two would help.
Even if these are only short-term remedies to your dandruff issues, it is important to remember that taking good care of your hair daily and not neglecting its hygiene can be very beneficial in the long run. However, if you continue to experience no progress, it is best to seek the advice of a medical professional.